Reintroduction takes place in Mértola and Serpa in the Guadiana Valley. It is now largely restricted to mountainous areas. The largest animals stand as tall as 60–71 cm (24–28 … Reproduction and Offspring: After a gestation of approximately 60 days, females produce a litter of 2-3 kittens. Iberian lynx hunt rabbits. Thick Fur on Paws: Stealth is key when hunting rabbits who are easily frightened, so thick fur on paws enable it to tread on snow lightly. [60] She became the first Iberian lynx to breed in captivity, giving birth to three healthy kittens on 29 March 2005 at the El Acebuche Breeding Center, in the Doñana Nature Park in Huelva, Spain. [62] In 2009, the Spanish government planned to build a €5.5 million breeding center in Zarza de Granadilla. Today I want to write about a very special species of cat, the Iberian lynx. They are arranged in lines and decrease in size from the back towards the sides. In March 2009, it was reported that 27 kittens had been born since the beginning of the program. [13], The Iberian lynx was once present throughout the Iberian Peninsula and southern France. This is the best way to give as it has the lowest credit card processing fees and is immediate help for the cats. Like all Lynx it features a short tail and tuft ears. CBD-Habitat Foundation implements projects dedicated to the recovery, conservation, and reintroduction of the Iberian lynx. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. I learned a lot about the lynx like what they eat, where they live, and many other different and interesting facts about this type of cat. In 2010, intense rain and health issues resulted in lower reproductive success—14 born, 8 surviving[67]—but the next year, breeding centers recorded 45 births with 26 surviving kittens. Latin name. The global conservation status of the Iberian Lynx is currently Endangered (EN), although previously it was one of the most endangered cats at a status of Critically Endangered (CR). They have a flared facial ruff, long prominent black ear tufts, and long hind legs with a short black tipped tail. One thing you'll notice right away when you see an Iberian lynx is their ears! [54] In the wild, both males and females reach sexual maturity at the age of one year, though in practice they rarely breed until a territory becomes vacant; one female was known not to breed until five years old when its mother died. [56] By the end of 2015 there were 400 lynx on the Iberian peninsula, the vast majority in Andalusia, in southern Spain, but with smaller new populations in the hills near Toledo, in Extremadura (south-western Spain) and in southern Portugal. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. If you prefer to donate via Pay Pal, please use this link: Pay Pal, BCR | March 15, 2015 We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Earlier, Iberian lynxes were classified under Eurasian lynx but now have been considered a separate species with a cat like face, and have a distinct skin marking than their European cousins. Felis pardina was the scientific name proposed by Coenraad Jacob Temminck in 1827 who described skins of Iberian lynxes that were killed in the area of the Tagus river in Portugal and were traded in Paris and London. Although humans have been the main reason the Iberian Lynx has become critically endangered. The Desert Lynx isn’t categorized in the Lynx genus which can be confusing to many people. The most rare species of Lynx is the Spanish Lynx. [10] Status.,, Jaguar Facts – Interesting Information About Jaguars. These predators are mostly active after sunset, but may exhibit diurnal activity during winter when food is limited. Will soon be back in the Sierra Andujar a prime and well known European key area where Iberian lynxes roam. [15][16] It is now restricted to very limited areas in southern Spain, with breeding only confirmed in Sierra Morena and Doñana coastal plains. [40][48], On 26 November 2014, 8 Iberian lynxes were released into Toledo, Spain; one of them traveled near Madrid, the first time in 40 years. Believed to be the same as the Eurasian Lynx, which would indicate a solitary animal except for mothers and kittens. This cat also suffers at the hands of man, frequently being killed by traps and snares set for rabbits, and by being hit by cars as the number of roads increase. ", "For the first time Iberian lynx embryos are collected and preserved", "Esperma 'de laboratorio' para salvar al lince ibérico", "The Iberian Lynx at the Zoobotanico de Jerez (in Spanish)", "Os felinos mais ameacados do mundo ja moram em Lisboa", "Llega a Zoo Aquarium de Madrid una pareja de linces ibéricos del proyecto Iberlince", "Nova Visita ao Zoo de Lisboa – O Lince Ibérico", Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe – Iberian lynx, Species portrait Iberian lynx; IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 19:24. The maximum longevity in the wild is 13 years.[26][27]. Rather fittingly in time with the announcement of our latest event in support of this animal and its habitat, this week we’re taking a look at the Iberian lynx. Iberian Lynx – current facts and figures. There are noted differences from its relatives, the Eurasian Lynx: it is much smaller and its coat is more heavily marked with darker spots. [28] Inbreeding leads to lower semen quality and greater rates of infertility in males, hindering efforts to increase the species' fitness. Success for Iberian Lynx conservation in the Sierra Morena. [1], The Iberian lynx genetically diverged as an unique species 1.98 to 0.7 million years ago. Every year, several Iberian lynxes die when trying to cross highways with heavy traffic. What are the Scientific Names for Common Wild Cat Species. The earliest fossil remains of the Iberian lynx date to the Early Pleistocene. Endangered. 2. In lynx: Iberian lynx. Known as the most endangered feline in the world, the Iberian Lynx is one worth taking a close look at. This animal is just so fascinating to know about and am going to try and research more about this type of Lynx. [19], The Iberian lynx preys foremost on the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) for the bulk of its diet, supplemented by red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa), rodents and to a smaller degree also on wild ungulates. Head and body length of males is 74.7–82 cm (29.4–32.3 in) with a 12.5–16 cm (4.9–6.3 in) long tail and a weight of 7–15.9 kg (15–35 lb). A lynx (/ l ɪ ŋ k s /; plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.The name lynx originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, derived from the Indo-European root leuk-('light, brightness') in reference to the … #realcork #iberianlynx #endangeredspecies. 930 Views A number of partners were involved in bringing back the Iberian Lynx from declining towards certain extinction. [36] A 2006 study used a non-intrusive monitoring system involving cameras to monitor the demographics of both lynxes and rabbits residing in Sierra Morena. Iberian lynx has the scientific name of Lynx pardinus. [76] [58], Since a 2007 outbreak of feline leukemia virus (FeLV), wild lynxes are tested periodically for possible disease. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It also has the tuft under the chin that resembles a human beard. The Iberian Lynx and the Eurasian Lynx are very similar in appearance except the Iberian Lynx is about half the size. [72] In July 2014, the MNCN-CSIC announced they had produced sperm cells from the testicular tissue of sexually immature lynx.[73]. [2], Conservation measures include restoring its native habitat, maintaining the wild rabbit population, reducing unnatural causes of death, and releasing captive bred individuals. BCR | March 15, 2015 The name Lynx comes from the Greek word “to shine,” and may be in reference to the reflective ability of the cat’s eyes. They mainly hunt at night and use their excellent eyesight to catch rabbits. The fur is typically grayish, with tints varying from yellowish to rusty and is distinctly spotted. The female will give birth to two to three young after a nine week gestation period. The lynx is known by the tuft of black hair on the tips of its ears and its short or bobbed tail. During the mating season the female leaves her territory in search of a male. Also, it often kills other smaller carnivores such as red fox, Egyptian mongoose and common genet (Genetta genetta).[25]. These cats have yellowish-brown fur that's covered with many dark brown or black spots. FUN FACTS. [18], The Iberian lynx prefers heterogeneous environments of open grassland mixed with dense shrubs such as strawberry tree, mastic, and juniper, and trees such as holm oak and cork oak. Its prized fur and label of agricultural pest has greatly reduced its range. Iberian lynx facts. Bobcat is prevalent in southern Canada. [13] [9], The Iberian lynx is thought to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis. [40] The European Union contributes up to 61% of funding. [24], The Iberian species has low adaptability—it continued to rely heavily on rabbits (75% of its food intake) despite the latter's repeated population crashes due to myxomatosis and rabbit haemorrhagic disease. Habitat . The word Lynx means to shine and the name comes from the fact that these animals have eyes that shine. Check Also: 10 Facts about Lovebirds. So I decided to research the Iberian Lynx and it turned out very well. They have a body length of between 85 and 110 cms (34 - 43 inches), a tail length of approximately 13 cms (5 inches) and they weigh between 10 and 13 Kgs (22 - 29 lbs). They are ranked from Category 1 (critical) to Category 5 (common-low conservation priority). [71], In March 2013, it was reported that Iberian lynx embryos and oocytes had been collected and preserved for the first time. One of the strategies aimed at saving the species is to change the use of land in such a way that it becomes more attractive to rabbits, which can then be hunted by the lynx. Common Name: Iberian Lynx, Spanish Lynx Experts are evenly divided on this subject, but for now, it remains a separate species based on its marked adaptive differences for prey capture. [2] In the 20th century, the Iberian lynx population had declined because of overhunting and poaching, fragmentation of suitable habitats; the population of its main prey species, the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), experienced a severe decline caused by myxomatosis and rabbit haemorrhagic disease. Before 1973, it was present in Sierra de Gata, Montes de Toledo, eastern Sierra Morena, Sierra de Relumbrar and coastal plains in the Doñana area. [3][4][5], By the turn of the 21st century, the Iberian lynx was on the verge of extinction, as only 94 individuals survived in two isolated subpopulations in Andalusia in 2002. Iberian Lynx videos - 30 minute natural history of the lynx + 4 minutes on lynx and cork forests. [66], There were 14 surviving kittens in 2008 and 15 in 2009. It is now found mainly in a small enclave in Spain and few scattered populations in remote areas of Portugal. Supplemental food sources could be provided if wild rabbits suffered a decline. The Lynx constellation was so named because it was said to take the keen eyes of a lynx to see it. [3] In 2013, 14 Iberian lynxes died on roads, and 21 in 2014. In the wild, Iberian Lynx have lived up to 13 years. The Siberian lynx prefers the cold wilderness and high altitude forests. It is a monotypic species. Adult males weigh on the average 27.5 pounds and the females average 20. There are four different species of cats in the “lynx” genus, Canadian lynx, bobcat, Eurasian lynx, and Iberian lynx. The Iberian lynx has a tawny coat with dark spots, long legs, a short tail, and tufts of hair at the end of its ears that is characteristic of lynx species. In the 20th century, the Iberian lynx population had declined because of overhunting and poaching, fragmentation of suitable habitats; the population of its main prey species, the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), experienced a severe decline caused by [5], The Iberian lynx is fully protected. [20][21][22] [46][43] In July 2013, environmental groups confirmed the presence of a wild-born litter in the Province of Cáceres (Extremadura). One of those females was Saliega, captured as a kitten in April 2002. Between the early 1960s and 2000, it has lost about 80% of its former range. Family: Felidae [50] In 2014, the Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests signed contracts securing 2,000 hectares of land for Portugal's reintroduction project. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Iberian Lynx Facts The Iberian Lynx constitutes a truly beautiful species of wildcat currently only found in a small section of western Europe. [37], Management efforts are being developed to conserve and restore the animal's native range. There are four species Lynx still living today. By the time they started building a resistance to this disease and the numbers started to recover, a new disease –viral hemorrhagic pneumonia – took its place and killed a large number of adult rabbits. A litter consists of two or three (rarely one, four or five) kittens weighing between 200 and 250 grams (7.1 and 8.8 oz). [citation needed], The Iberian lynx marks its territory with its urine, scratch marks on the barks of trees, and scat. [39][44] Discussions were held with the Ministry of Environment on plans for releases in the Campanarios de Azaba area near Salamanca. The Spanish Government is now in the process of developing a national conservation effort to save the Iberian Lynx. [5], It competes for prey with red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) and European wildcat (Felis silvestris). The Iberian lynx declined steadily throughout the 20th century, and at the beginning of the 2000s, only two isolated breeding populations remained in the world, located in southern Spain. The genetic diversity of the Iberian lynx is lower than in any other genetically impoverished felid, which is a consequence of fragmentation, a population bottleneck, and isolation of population units. The Quartet – These cats have their own taxonomic genus. Rocky ledges and crevices are also preferred as spots for making dens. Its head is small with tufted ears and a ruff. A scientific study in 2013 revealed that the Iberian lynx has antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli and Enterococci bacteria in its intestines. [32], In 2007, several individuals died of feline leukemia. Its diet primarily consists of rabbits and hare, but will hunt deer, ducks, and fish. Main Characteristics. Population. *****Animals are also ranked by their level of vulnerability on a global level, which in essence ranks their extinction risk. Status: CITES: Appendix I. IUCN: Endangered. The four species of lynx are: Canadian, Eurasian, Iberian (or Spanish) lynx and the bobcat. 73 of them were reintroduced in the wild. Iberian Lynx Images and Facts Iberian Lynx is basically jeopardized with just around 225 people wanted to be existing in the wild. [35] Climate change may threaten the Iberian lynx, as it is not able to adapt well to a climate change. 2 Likes You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. These partners continue to work at ensuring the Iberian Lynx … In fact, one species of lynx is called a bobcat! The spots vary in shape and size from small round to elongate. Siberian lynx commonly hunt prey three to four times their size. The typical gestation period is about two months; the kittens are born between March and September, with a peak of births in March and April. [68] In 2012, breeding centers in Portugal and Spain reported a total of 44 survivors from 59 births,[68] while 2013 saw a total of 44 survivors out of 53 born.