As Secretary of Public Safety, Marshall has responsibility for the oversight of 14 agencies and over 22,000 employees, including the Department of Corrections, Virginia National Guard and the Virginia State Police. Racism and equality were becoming important issues in American culture, especially the idea of segregation, which meant that bl… During his decades-long law career, Marshall worked for civil rights for all Americans. In 1956, Thurgood Marshall, Jr. was born, who was Marshall’s first child. Early life and schooling Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908, in Baltimore, Maryland. Mencken wrote that the decision of denial by the University of Maryland Law School was "brutal and absurd," and they should not object to the "presence among them of a self-respecting and ambitious young Afro-American well prepared for his studies by four years of hard work in a class A college.". "They are his way of preserving the past while purging it of its bleakest moments. After earning his law degree, Marshall opened a law office in Baltimore in the depths of the Great Depression but quickly found himself in debt by handling civil rights cases for poor clients. During the time of John’s birth, polls among African Americans revealed that Marshall, Sr. was tied with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. for the title of “Most Important Black Leader” for his stance on civil rights. Thurgood Marshall, Sr. was sworn into office as the first African-American associate justice of the United States Supreme Court on October 2, 1967. Thurgood Marshall, earlier named Thoroughgood Marshall (which he changed in the 2nd grade), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. In April 1, 1941, Thurgood Marshall is an NAACP lawyer traveling the country defending people of color who are wrongly accused of crimes because of racial prejudice. US President. This was an event that was to haunt him and direct his future professional life. He was also adamantly opposed to capital punishment and generally favoured the rights of the national government over the rights of the states. Marshall also met and married Vivian Burey in 1929, then a student at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He has also represented numerous witnesses involved in congressional investigations. As an attorney, he successfully argued before the Court the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), which declared unconstitutional racial segregation in American public schools. Prior to his appointment as an associate justice, Justice Marshall had won a stunning 29 of the 32 cases he argued before the Supreme Court, distinguishing himself as an advocate of the Court. By 1990, amid failing health and as the sole justice appointed by a Democratic president, Justice Marshall continued writing strongly-worded dissents in response to the Court’s notably regressive stand on civil rights cases. Thurgood also co-chaired the White House Olympic Task Force. New York, NY – May 1, 2008 – Thurgood Marshall College Fund (TMCF) president and CEO, Dwayne Ashley honored actor Laurence Fishburne with an Award of Excellence for his portrayal in “Thurgood” a one-man play, which opened last night, Wednesday, April 30, 2008, at the Booth Theater in New York City. His father, William Marshall, never attended college, but he was fascinated by court trials and often took his son along with him. This passion for anti-segregation and education clearly transcended to Thurgood Marshall, Sr. William, Thurgood’s father, worked full-time as a Pullman-car waiter and he had a deep passion for writing. He studied at Frederick Douglass High School and was one of the top-achievers in class. The policy shift was controversial within the organization at the time, and several black lawyers who worked with the NAACP in the South resigned, increasing the burden on Marshall and his staff. John F. Kennedy. Two landmark cases in which his personal convictions led him to fight vigorously for what he believed was right involved abortion and the death penalty: Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton in 1971 were landmark cases revolving around Texas and Georgia statutes restricting abortions. Having honed his skills since the case against the University of Maryland, he developed a profound sensitivity to injustice by way of the crucible of racial discrimination in this country. Later in 1999, President Clinton nominated Marshall to serve as the Director of the United States Marshals Service, our nation’s oldest federal law enforcement agency. Before that, he was counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee and the Committee on Commerce, Science & Transportation, as well as the Governmental Affairs Committee. Among his first legal victories was Murray v. Pearson (1935), a suit accusing the University of Maryland of violating the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection of the laws by denying an African American applicant admission to its law school solely on the basis of race. 1956) and John W. Marshall (b. His grandfather was a slave who gained his freedom by escaping from the South during the Civil War. Smith v. Allwright (1944) Bakke asserted that the university had violated his Fourteenth Amendment rights when 16 minority students with lower grades than he had been admitted to the medical school, while he had been denied. Upon his graduation from Howard, Marshall began the private practice of law in Baltimore. Photo Above: In 1934, Thurgood Marshall graduated first in his class from Howard University Law School. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg in 1970, in which Justice Marshall persuaded his colleagues to unanimously confirm the use of busing to integrate public schools, an issue that was close to his heart in light of his landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. --The New York Times "This is a must-read for all Americans concerned with the struggle for civil and individual rights." His parents named him Thoroughgood, but he shortened it to Thurgood in second grade because he hated spelling it out. He served on the president's Management Council and was a senior member of the Continuity in Government team and directed the White House responses to natural disasters and transportation emergencies, including commercial aircraft crashes. Patton v. Mississippi (1947) 1970 ushered in a new era of conservatism as the Court became skewed with more conservative justices. Thurgood Marshall was America's leading radical. 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