Hence the Rubicon became, as it were, the visible sign and symbol of civil restriction to military power. The Rubicon is a small river in northern Italy, so why is crossing it considered such a significant thing to do? Anonymous. Look it up now! Why is that significant? If you subscribe to BBC History Magazine Print or Digital Editions then you can unlock 10 years’ worth of archived history material fully searchable by Topic, Location, Period and Person. To remain in Gaul meant forfeiting his power to his enemies in Rome. You can unsubscribe at any time. This Day In History: January 10, 49 BC. The river Rubicon was considered to be the dividing line between Italy and the rest of the Empire. The crossing of a small stream in northern Italy became one of ancient history's most pivotal events. or "let the die be cast" in Greek. © 2003 Franz Steiner Verlag By entering your details, you are agreeing to HistoryExtra terms and conditions and privacy policy. But what did really happen that day and how much do we really know about the event? Request Permissions. The Rubicon first occurs as a boundary for Marc Antony, who was forbidden from taking an army from Italy north of the Rubicon. the act of doing so constituted civil war, and in fact one ensued. after conquering most of europe all the way to Briton, Caesar was called back to Rome by the Senate. 69 'They wanted it so. But it only lasted five years as he famously did not heed the warning of another famous idiom – “Beware the Ides of March” – and was stabbed to death. You have successfully linked your account! Having won the civil war – defeating the de facto leader of the Roman state, Pompey – Caesar named himself as the dictator of Rome. He does not even mention crossing the Rubicon. The majority are likewise conscious of the truth that his look is definitely an appearance of obligation Julius Caesar… Much less is famous by what the Rubicon, and just why this task is just a politician, and under what conditions handed Caesar herself transpired ever. Caesar marched a single legion to the boundary between Gaul and Italy, marked by the small river, and he knew that to go any further was forbidden. Caesar marched a single legion to the boundary between Gaul and Italy, marked by the small river, and he knew that to go any further was forbidden. Our focal point is ancient history, but also social and economic history, as well as history of science; furthermore regional studies, Eastern European history and transatlantic studies. Caesar knew he would lose everything: property, liberty, even his life. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Thanks! Crossing The Rubicon, Literally – Caesar Sparks War In 49 BC. the general — under orders from the Roman Senate to disband his armies — made the cold-blooded decision to lead his army across the Rubicon river into Italy. In 49 B.C. In the eyes of Rome, he would be an enemy of the state but he still crossed the Rubicon, sparking civil war. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Caesar and his soldiers follow the figure (left of center). We only publish those projects which proved their academic value in external anonymous peer assessments. on the banks of the Rubicon, Julius Caesar faced a critical choice. [His influence.] As Caesar debates whether to cross the Rubicon, an otherwordly figure appears, wearing a yellow tunic and playing a lute (left). Cross the rubicon definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Caesar Crossing the Rubicon Today, 2060 years ago (according to the old Roman calendar), Caesar crossed the Rubicon and uttered the so famous phrase alea iacta est – the die is cast. Generals commanding in Gaul were never to pass it. There are certain historical events that have a significance beyond the immediate fact that they happened, and Caesar’s action in crossing a tiny river is one of them. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Historia was founded in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser. Anything associating the Rubicon with the line beyond which it was not possible for Caesar to withdraw occurs only after Lucan's epic poem on the civil war, written at the end of the Julio-Claudian period. Original articles feature research on Greek and Hellenistic history, the Roman Republic and Empire as well as late antiquity. Caesar knew he had enemies. By crossing the Rubicon with his armies Caesar effectively stated his intention to march on Rome and take his position by force. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Of course Caesar had to cross the Rubicon in his journey southward; however, the dramatic pause of the general on his horse at the ford of the Rubicon may all be a later myth- … Pompey accused Caesar of insubordination and treason. Historia is an international, peer-reviewed journal focusing on Greek and Roman antiquity. After years of war in Britain and Gaul, Caesar had decided to become master of Rome. 11 Answers. Instead, he briefly states being in Ravenna, moves on to summarize his address to his soldiers and then swiftly mentions setting out with … In one of the most iconic moments of Caesar’s biography, in 49 B.C.E. So once he crossed it, It was a blatant act of defiance towards the senate. There seems to be a problem, please try again. The expression cross the Rubicon refers to a decision made by Julius Caesar. I century’s center BC the Republic experienced inner disaster. Why [)id Caesar Cross the Rubicon? tantis rebus gestis C. Caesar condemnatus essem nisi ab … From it sprang the Roman Empire and the genesis of modern European culture. It covers all aspects of political, economic, religious and social life and deals with legal, archaeological, numismatic and epigraphical questions. On today’s date in AD 49, Caesar crossed the Rubicon. Why did Caesar cross the Rubicon? Drawing Info. It was at this moment that Caesar said the now famous phrase, “The die is cast.” The Rubicon (Latin: Rubico, Italian: Rubicone pronounced ) is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, just south of Ravenna.It was known as Fiumicino prior to 1933, when it was identified with the ancient river Rubicon, famously crossed by Julius Caesar in 49 BC.. Father Christmas and Santa Claus: a brief history of two Christmas champions, Did Oliver Cromwell ban Christmas? Everything you ever wanted to know about... What are the origins of the Christmas pantomime? In the eyes of Rome, he would be an enemy of the state but he still crossed the Rubicon, sparking civil war. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. An ancient Roman law forbade any general from crossing the Rubicon River and entering Italy with a standing army. The Rubicon was the limit on this northern side. tantis rebus gestis C. Caesar condemnatus essem nisi ab exercitu auxilium petissem). Crossing the Rubicon led to a civil war which Caesar won, and he became dictator for life of the Roman Republic. To cross the Rubicon means to make a decision or take a step that commits one to a specific course of action from which there is no turning back. On this day in history, 49 BC, Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon with a legion of his soldiers, which was against Roman law. Became, as it were, the Roman Republic and Empire as as! Bank account with war which Caesar won, and he became dictator for life of Rubicon! % on a gift subscription to their favourite history magazine of his decision, Caesar crossed the Rubicon river entering! Mean to ‘ cross the Rubicon, Literally – Caesar Sparks war in 49 BC state but still! There seems to be the dividing line between Italy and the rest of Roman! 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